Indianapolis Medical Malpractice Attorney

medical malpractice lawyer

You trusted your doctor. However, you now suspect that the medical treatment you received was substandard and may have resulted in significant and even permanent harm. Your condition is actually worse – not better – and you are facing a growing list of medical expenses. Additionally, you are not getting answers from the doctor, hospital or nursing home about what went wrong. In this situation, you have every right to ask for legal help and get answers.

Potential clients frequently tell us they are reluctant to talk with a lawyer because they do not want to be “like one of those people who sue.” But there is nothing wrong with asking for answers when you have been significantly harmed because of the negligence of a health care provider. In fact, one very significant purpose of our medical malpractice system is to prevent someone else from being harmed.

About Our Indianapolis Medical Malpractice Attorney

Our Indiana medical malpractice attorney at the Law Office of Kelley J. Johnson is here to help you. Kelley J. Johnson has nearly 20 years of medical malpractice litigation experience, and she works regularly with board-certified specialists and health care professionals to serve victims and their families in Indianapolis and surrounding areas in Indiana.

Our medical malpractice attorney can provide a free and confidential review of your case and help you to understand your legal rights and options. Contact us today to learn more.

What is Medical Malpractice?

Medical malpractice occurs when a health care provider fails to meet a recognized standard of care and, as a result of this negligent failure, a patient suffers preventable illness, injury or death. In most cases, the malpractice consists of a negligent act or failure to act. It can happen at any stage in the treatment process, and it can involve any type of medical professional, including:

  • Doctors
  • Surgeons
  • Anesthesiologists
  • Nurses
  • Midwives
  • Pharmacists
  • Lab technicians
  • Psychiatrists or psychologists
  • Physical therapists
  • Dentists
  • Radiologists

Medical errors in the U.S. are among the leading causes of preventable injuries and death. According to the Diederich Healthcare Medical Malpractice Payout Analysis, insurance companies paid more than $3.8 billion in medical malpractice claims in the U.S. in 2017, including $78.8 million in Indiana alone.

Insurers paid about 31 percent of those funds for medical errors resulting in death. Significant permanent injuries accounted for 18 percent of the payouts, while major permanent injuries accounted for 17 percent, and brain damage, quadriplegia, and lifelong-care injuries accounted for 14 percent.

How to File a Birth Injury Lawsuit

Filing a birth injury lawsuit in Indiana is a complicated process that involves several important steps to determine your eligibility. Before you can file a civil lawsuit for an Indiana birth injury, you must:

  • File a complaint and submit a $5.00 filing fee on behalf of your child with the Indiana Department of Insurance.
  • Wait for the Indiana Department of Insurance to forward a copy of your complaint to each defendant named in the complaint and their insurance providers.
  • Request the formation of a medical review panel consisting of three physicians.
  • Wait for the members of the medical review panel to evaluate medical charts, X-rays, diagnostic tests, and statements from everyone involved in the suit.
  • Review the report from the physicians of the medical review panel, who have 180 days to provide an opinion about whether any defendants committed medical malpractice.
  • Decide whether you wish to pursue a medical malpractice lawsuit in court based on the review panel’s findings.

Hiring a Birth Injury Attorney

A dedicated and experienced birth injury attorney in Indiana can help your case by:

  • Conducting an independent investigation into the causes and effects of the birth injury
  • Interviewing witnesses and securing valuable witness statements
  • Consulting with medical experts and collecting medical evidence
  • Communicating with hospitals, medical providers, and insurance companies on your behalf
  • Estimating a fair settlement offer that accounts for all past and future expenses related to the birth injury

Birth Injury Medical Malpractice Attorney

Birth injuries are traumatic events that have physical, emotional, and financial impacts that can last a lifetime. When the negligence of medical professionals leads to birth injuries in Indiana, individuals and families can pursue compensation for their losses through a birth injury lawsuit.

If you or your child was harmed during labor or delivery, the birth injury lawyer at the Law Office of Kelley J. Johnson can help you recover the money you need to care for your family and move forward. Contact us today to learn more during a free, confidential consultation.

We Know Indiana Malpractice Law

The Indianapolis malpractice attorney at the Law Office of Kelley J. Johnson has independent medical experts review your medical records. We’ll help you determine whether preventable medical negligence was the cause of your pain and suffering.

The attorney at the Law Office of Kelley J. Johnson helps families whose loved ones have been seriously injured by preventable medical errors in Indiana. Each set of facts is different. We work with medical professionals to evaluate your medical records to determine whether a preventable error occurred and a malpractice legal claim is appropriate. Learn more about how to hire a malpractice attorney.

With nearly 20 years of litigation experience, Kelley J. Johnson has the legal skill and commitment to hold accountable health care providers who harm patients.

Common Birth Injuries Affecting Mothers

Although modern hospitals have advanced methods and high-tech equipment intended to make labor and delivery as safe and painless as possible, medical professionals can still make mistakes. The following birth injuries can occur if doctors, nurses, or other medical staff members are negligent:

  • Uterine rupture – This injury occurs when a mother’s uterus spontaneously tears, which can cause the fetus to slip into the peritoneal cavity.
  • Prolapsed uterus – This condition involves pelvic floor muscles that weaken over time and allow the uterus to sag downward.
  • Perineal tears – Tears to the skin and soft tissues surrounding the vaginal opening and anus during vaginal childbirth cause perineal tears.
  • Hemorrhaging – This dangerous medical condition causes excessive bleeding that can happen after the birth of a baby and can be fatal in some cases.
  • C-section errors – Medical errors during Cesarean section deliveries, such as internal lacerations, improper wound closures, and fetal oxygen deprivation can have devastating effects on both the mother and child.
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding – A mother’s loss of two or more pints of blood that occurs within 24 hours of delivery is referred to as abnormal uterine bleeding.
  • Preeclampsia/eclampsia – Preeclampsia, or sudden spikes in a pregnant mother’s blood pressure, can lead to eclampsia, which can result in seizures or coma.
  • Infection – Infections occur when germs and bacteria enter the uterus during or after labor and delivery.

What Are Common Types of Medical Errors

Doctors, nurses and medical staff can make any number of mistakes that can cause treatment to go awry. By learning more about some of the most common types of medical errors, we hope you better understand what may have occurred in your own situation. Getting a thorough and objective review of the specific facts in your case by an experienced medical malpractice lawyer will always be a critical first step in seeking the justice you deserve.

Emergency Room Malpractice

Emergency rooms can be rushed, hectic environments. Due to those conditions, doctors, nurses and staff may make mistakes when they test, diagnose and treat patients. In some instances, ER staff members may fail to communicate vital information when they hand off a patient to another individual or team. Hospitals should have systems in place to prevent emergency room malpractice.

Missed or Delayed Diagnosis

A misdiagnosis of one’s symptoms can lead to unnecessary treatment or the failure to get timely treatment. It can occur when a doctor fails to thoroughly examine and communicate with a patient or fails to conduct proper tests. In some cases, the missed or delayed diagnosis may be traced to the doctor’s lack of knowledge and experience. The damage may be irreversible in some cases such as those that involve cancer or heart attacks.

Misread X-rays, Slides & Ultrasounds

When a doctor misreads an X-ray, slide or ultrasound, the mistake may be either a “false positive” (diagnosing a condition that does not exist) or a “false negative” (failing to detect the patient’s actual condition). In either case, the misreading can lead to ineffective or missed treatment and place patient’s health in serious jeopardy. Sometimes this can lead to a significant delay in the diagnosis of a condition.

Medication Errors

A patient may suffer serious or fatal illness if a doctor prescribes the wrong type of medication, or if the patient receives the wrong dose of medication. Miscommunication is a major cause of medication errors. For instance, a pharmacist may misread a doctor’s abbreviations, symbols and dose expressions on a prescription sheet due to the doctor’s illegible or confusing handwriting. The failure to properly input the correct dosage can also be a common medication error.

Anesthesia Errors

Anesthesia errors may occur because a doctor failed to properly evaluate a patient in advance of giving anesthesia or a failure to appropriately monitor the patient during the administration of anesthesia. For instance, a patient may be allergic to certain types of anesthesia and suffer an adverse reaction. Doctors and nurses may fail to respond promptly to the patient’s distress because they were not carefully checking the patient’s vital signs. The wrong medication may be given or a medication may be omitted. “Anesthesia awareness” can result from the negligence during anesthesia.

Surgical Errors

Unfortunately, many careless mistakes can occur before, during or after a surgery. This can include the failure to properly work up a patient prior to surgery or recommending an unnecessary procedure. During the surgery these errors can include operating on the wrong site, causing an injury during the surgery, failing to recognize a complication during the procedure, or leaving behind a foreign object such as a sponge or surgical instrument. The failure to timely respond to post-operative complications can also be a negligent act. Surgeon distraction, fatigue, inexperience and miscommunication are among the leading causes of grave mistakes that happen during a surgery.

Childbirth Errors

Birth injuries often occur because doctors, nurses or midwives missed signs and symptoms during the prenatal care, during labor or the failure to respond promptly to signs of trouble during the delivery or to timely perform a C-section. The mother as well as the child may suffer injuries. The child’s injury could lead to a lifelong disability such as cerebral palsy.

Nursing Home Negligence

If you have fallen in a nursing home then reach out to our attorneys.The failure to provide appropriate care to the elderly in a nursing home can result in significant harm or death to an elderly patient. This can include Stage IV ulcers and the failure to timely diagnose or treat a life-threatening condition

Failure to Monitor

Even though doctors, nurses and staff have around-the-clock access to patients in the hospital. They may fail to routinely check on them and detect bleeding, infections or changes in vital signs that require immediate attention.

As you can see, most of these medical errors are entirely avoidable. They often result from negligence such as:

  • Understaffing (leading to overworked, fatigued doctors and nurses)
  • Lack of proper training and supervision
  • Flawed electronic health records
  • Breakdowns in communication
  • Lack of protocol and procedure.

At the Law Office of Kelley J. Johnso, our role is to find out what went wrong in the care and treatment of you or your loved one and to identify everyone that should be held responsible for it. We will determine every source of compensation available for the harm that you have suffered.

Common Types of Medical Negligence

At the Law Office of Kelley J. Johnson, we see many types of medical malpractice. Common preventable medical errors involve:

Birth injuries

A recent study published in the American Journal of Gynecology determined that birth injuries caused by trauma occur in an estimated 26 out of every 1,000 deliveries. Larger infants are more difficult to deliver and more susceptible to birth injuries caused by the use of excessive force from obstetrical tools such as forceps or vacuum devices. Complications that are missed or untreated during pregnancy can often lead to birth injury.

Brain injuries

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), traumatic brain injury contributes to 30 percent of all injury-related fatalities in the U.S. Approximately 2.5 million people sustained traumatic brain injury in a recent year, per CDC. A traumatic brain injury, or TBI, is any bump or blow to the head or penetrating head injury that disrupts brain function. A brain injury can result from hypoxia, or a lack of oxygen, due to a medical provider’s over-medication. Traumatic brain injuries range from brief changes in mental status to severely compromised function to extended periods of unconsciousness or amnesia.

Anesthesia complications

Many anesthesia complications occur when a patient is not properly evaluated before a procedure or carefully monitored during and after a procedure. Patients should never die or suffer serious injury during surgery or immediately after because of adverse reactions to anesthesia. Anesthesia errors also include dosage errors, failure to intubate, delayed anesthesia delivery due to equipment problems, and negligent or improper administration of oxygen.

Delayed diagnosis

Doctors have a duty to reach a list of possible diagnoses that describe a patient’s symptoms, then to focus on ruling out the diagnoses that pose the greatest risk. A doctor who fails to follow these basic steps can miss a diagnosis, with serious consequences for the patient. Some of the more common medical errors we see involve failure to diagnose a heart attack or stroke. Timely diagnosis and treatment can mean the difference between life and death for patients with certain serious medical conditions.

Cancer misdiagnosis

According to a study published by the National Coalition of Health, cancer misdiagnosis occurs between 15 percent and 28 percent of the time. The study concludes that the causes of these many diagnostic medical errors include doctors who are strapped for time, medical records that are fragmented, pathology interpretation errors, missing important pieces of family medical history, and inflexible adherence to protocol on the part of medical professionals.

Hospital Malpractice

Hospitals are the most common institution named in medical malpractice suits likely due to the volume of patients they handle and the severity of the ailments these patients have.

Never Events

Never events should never happen, right? This is unfortunately not the case. Never events include surgical errors such as operating on the wrong patient, performing surgery on the wrong body part, or performing the wrong operation. These mistakes can cause patients to undergo additional surgeries and prolonged time in recovery, leading to severe economical and emotional strain.

Emergency Room Errors

Emergency Rooms handle a large number of patients with a small amount of time per patient. The biggest malpractice problems that we see in these settings are related to delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis, a negligent doctor is not uncommon. These issues arise due to lack of knowledge about the patient’s history, failure to order the proper tests, the high volume of patients, and the high stress environment that is present in Emergency Rooms.

Why Do Errors Occur in Healthcare?

Many factors contribute to the incidence of medical errors. Some common causes of medical errors include:

Inexperienced physicians

Too often, a doctor’s inexperience or lack of training in a particular area can lead to serious harm for the patient, particularly in emergency room environments. This situation can occur when doctors fill in for each other and with “locum tenens” work, in which physicians work temporarily in hospitals or practices that are not the location in which they normally practice. Medical errors can also occur when patients are handed off at the end of a shift or transferred to a different area, and when physicians have minimal training and are not yet familiar with new medical innovations.

Doctor fatigue

Sleep deprivation, particularly among interns, has been a cause of medical errors and a source of concern. The New England Journal of Medicine published a study involving interns who were subjected to 24-hour or more work shifts as part of their post-graduate training, as compared for those who were limited to 16-hour work shifts. Researchers concluded that limited work shifts and increased sleep decreased the interns’ failures in attention while treating patients.


Medication errors are a common medical error made by nursing staff. In a study published by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), researchers found that nursing medication errors consisted of: Administering medication at the wrong infusion rate (32.03%); giving the wrong dosage of medication (28.11%), giving medication at unscheduled times (14.37%); giving medication two doses at a time (11.11%); drug elimination (8.49%); and giving a patient’s drug to another patient (5.88%).

Electronic health records

Problems with electronic health records (EHR) can result in major medical errors. For example, CNS News reports on a case in which a hospital in Texas admitted, evaluated, and released a patient suffering from Ebola, a typically fatal, contagious, viral disease. The hospital claimed that the error resulted from a flaw in its EHR.

Low Resources

Many times, medical facilities located in rural areas suffer from a lack of funding and resources. The greatest shortcoming often is a lack of qualified professionals. Many times these facilities located in rural areas are staffed by Nurse Practitioners and their ER departments with “locum tenens” doctors.

Communication Errors

Communication errors cause many errors in healthcare settings. This lack of communication can happen between nurses and doctors, errors in Electronic Health Records, and also between patients and staff. It is easy for information to be misinterpreted, misspoken, or even for the communication to not exist at all. The best way for you to combat these errors is by being aware of your health history and giving your doctor all of the information that you can on your condition. Check out our list of questions to ask your doctor before and after surgery for more information.

Reducing Your Risk for Medical Errors

Medical errors and malpractice can occur at any point in the healthcare system, according to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). The Agency offers a number of suggestions to help patients remain safe in the system, including these tips:

  • Ensure that all of your doctors know about all of your medications.
  • Bring all your medications and your supplements to your doctor visits.
  • Inform your doctors of any allergies or reactions to medication.
  • Ask your doctor for information about your medications in terms you can understand.
  • Ask for written information on the side effects of medications you are prescribed.
  • If you are having surgery, make sure that you and your doctor agree on what will be done.
  • If you have concerns, speak up.
  • Ensure that your care is being coordinated by someone such as your primary care doctor.
  • Learn all you can about your condition and treatment by asking doctors and nurses.

What Goes into Filing a Medical Malpractice Lawsuit in Indiana?

A medical malpractice lawsuit seeks to hold negligent medical professionals accountable and to possibly prevent others from suffering similar injuries in the future. At the Law Office of Kelley J. Johnson, we can carefully guide your case through the three basic stages of a medical malpractice case:


First, we try to identify if we believe there is a potential breach in the standard of care that has resulted in significant permanent injury or death. Many potential hurdles may cause us to decide that we are not interested in investigating a case, including, but not limited to the following:

  • The complication was a risk of the procedure.
  • We do not have enough time to investigate the case before the statute of limitations expires, or the statute of limitations has passed.
  • We have a conflict of interest.
  • We cannot prove that the negligence resulted in significant permanent injury or death.

If we think the potential claim may have merit, we will gather your medical records and other important information, including witness accounts, and we will review them with the nurses on our legal team. If their findings point to suspected medical malpractice, we can consult with an independent medical expert who has expertise in the relevant area of medicine. Our firm works with a network of highly knowledgeable experts, including professionals from schools such as Harvard, Yale, Stanford and UCLA. An expert can help us to determine whether a medical professional failed to follow the recognized standard of care. The expert can also help us to establish whether your injury or illness would have occurred if the medical professional had not been negligent.

Medical Review Panel

If our review of your case indicates that medical malpractice caused harm to you or your loved one, we will advise you to move forward with filing a legal claim against the negligent health care provider (or providers). However, before we file the lawsuit in court, we  must file the complaint with the Indiana Department of Insurance Division of Medical Malpractice, which will appoint a medical review panel to review your case and report its opinion. This process has to be completed before a claim can be filed with a court and can take one to three years.


If you and our legal team believe your case has merit after the medical review panel has reported its opinion, and we have expert opinion supporting the claim, we can proceed with filing a lawsuit in the proper Indiana court – regardless of the medical review panel’s conclusion. Our attorney knows how to meticulously prepare a case for trial and will be prepared to put on a strong case in the courtroom. We can use that preparation as leverage in settlement negotiations with the medical care provider and/or insurance company.  We will always report any settlement offers to you and advise you on whether it represents a reasonable amount.

The decision to accept a settlement offer or go to trial will always be yours – and yours alone – to make. If you wish to settle, we will help you with all paperwork. We will also make sure that your settlement funds are properly and timely disbursed.

How Much Time Do You Have to Bring a Medical Malpractice Lawsuit in Indiana?

Indiana law imposes a statute of limitations on medical malpractice claims. This is a limit on the amount of time that you have in which to file a lawsuit. In Indiana, you must bring the lawsuit within two years from the date of the alleged medical negligence. If you fail to do so within that period of time, your claim may be forever lost.

A few limited exceptions apply. For instance, minors ages six and under at the time of the negligent act or omission have until their eighth birthday to file a claim. Also, if a patient does not know of the negligence, or in the exercise of reasonable diligence, could not discover that he or she sustained an injury within the two years after the negligent care was provided, then the patient has two years from the date when he or she discovers the negligence and resulting injury or discovers facts that, in the exercise of reasonable diligence, should lead to the discovery of the negligence and the resulting injury in which to file a lawsuit.

If you fail to bring a claim before the relevant deadline, you can lose your right to pursue just compensation. Due to the time limits that apply to medical malpractice claims in Indiana, you should not wait to seek legal help. The Law Office of Kelley J. Johnson can meet with you right away and begin our review of your case. If you proceed with your medical malpractice claim, we will make sure that all deadlines are met.

What Damages Can You Recover in an Indiana Medical Malpractice Claim?

The amount that you may recover in a medical malpractice claim in Indiana will depend on the unique facts and circumstances of your case. Some of the damages that we typically seek on behalf of injured patients are:

  • Past medical expenses related to the medical malpractice
  • Future medical expenses (typically based on an expert’s opinion)
  • Any income lost due to the malpractice
  • Any diminishment in future earnings due to a disability
  • Pain and suffering
  • Emotional distress
  • Wrongful death damages (if your loved one died due to malpractice).

If a healthcare provider is a “qualified health care provider” under Indiana’s medical malpractice laws, there is a cap on the damages that a patient can recover in a medical malpractice claim.  Under current Indiana law:

  • If the malpractice claim occurred after July 1, 2017, then the medical care provider’s contribution is capped at $400,000. If your damages exceed that amount, you can potentially recover up to an additional $1,250,000 through the Indiana Patient’s Compensation Fund (PCF).
  • If the claim occurred prior to July 1, 2017, then the total damages allowed are $1,250,000.

At the Law Office of Kelley J. Johnson, we have extensive experience with pursuing compensation through this fund. We will know the steps to take on your behalf.


Request A Free Consultation

Contact the Law Office of Kelley J. Johnson for Help

Our Indiana medical malpractice attorney has nearly 20 years of litigation experience fighting on behalf of injured victims throughout Indiana. We have a malpractice focus and a nurse on staff who assists us with your case. We work with some of the best medical experts throughout the country who work in a variety of specialties, which helps us to better understand the medical aspects of your case and the compensation you will need after a tragic medical mistake.

Contact us today to find out whether you may be owed compensation for your Indiana birth injury claim. We charge no up-front fees to begin work on your case, and we are happy to provide initial case reviews completely free of charge. We advance all expenses and do not receive a fee or reimbursement unless we recover compensation on your behalf. Give us a call or contact us online to begin the claims process.